A municipal institution whose task is to explore, comprehend and present the tragic pages of the history of the mid-twentieth century in the context of modern challenges. The creation of the museum was initiated by the Lviv City Council in 2009. The construction of the museum complex lasted during 2014-2016.

The museum is located in Lviv on the territory of the former ghetto (1941–1943) and the transit prison (1944–1955). The location determines the focal themes of the institution: the transformation of urban space as a result of Nazi and Soviet violence, human experiences in extreme conditions. We are creating a platform for dialogue and discussion around the traumatic events of the past and present in order to build a tolerant and inclusive society. The museum is an example of the memorialization of the controversial legacy left after World War II and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Among the main activities of the institution: exhibition and educational projects, artistic interventions in the urban space, cooperation with relevant institutions of Ukraine and other countries, documenting oral evidence of tragic events from the 1930s to the present.